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Jupiter
Jupiter
Jupiter, the fifth planet from the Sun
Designation
Other names none
Orbital Characteristics
Adjective Jovian
Aphelion 816,520,800 km (5.458104 AU)
Semimajor axis 227,939,100 km
Orbital Period 4332.59 earth days (11.8 years)
Average orbital speed 29,236 mph (13.07 km/s, 47,050 km/h)
Satellites 67 (See full list here)
Physical Characteristics
Surface area 6.1419×1010 km (121.9 earths)
Volume 1.4313×1015 km (1321.3 earths)
Mass 1.8986×1027 kg (317.8 earths)
Axial tilt 3.13°
Surface temperature (min) Unknown
Surface temperature (avg) Unknown
Surface temperature (mean) 165 K (-162 °F, -108 °C)
Surface temperature (max) Unknown
Other information
Population 0
Atmosphere
Surface Pressure 20–200 kPa
Composition 89.8 ± 2.0% hydrogen

10.2 ± 2.0% helium ~0.3% methane ~0.026% ammonia ~0.003% hydrogen deuteride 0.0006% ethane 0.0004% water

Habitable No, gas giant.

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun, named after the Roman god Jupiter, and the largest planet in the Solar System. It is a gas giant, with a mass one-thousandth of that of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other planets in the Solar System combined.

Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen with a quarter of its mass being helium, although helium only comprises about a tenth of the number of molecules. It might have a rocky core of heavier elements, but like any other Gas giant, Jupiter lacks a solid surface.

Jupiter is composed primarily of gaseous and liquid matter. It is the largest planet in the Solar System as well as the biggest of all four Gas Giants.

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