Carme (also known as Jupiter XI) is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson on July 30th, 1938. It is named after the mythological Carme, mother by Zeus of Britomartis, a Cretan goddess.


Carme did not receive its present name until 1975; before then, it was simply known as Jupiter XI. It was sometimes called "Pan" between 1955 and 1975. Pan is now the name of a satellite of Saturn.

It gives its name to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°. Its orbital elements are as of January 2000. They are continuously changing due to solar and planetary perturbations.